Stephen P. Long

Professor

Education

  • B.Sc.: Agricultural Botany, Reading University, England — 1972
  • Ph.D.: Plant Sciences, Leeds University, England — 1976
  • D.Sc. Environmental Science (honoris causa), University of Lancaster, UK - 2007

Academic Positions

  • Lecturer in Environmental Physiology, University of Essex, England, UK, (1975 - 1987, with tenure 1978)
  • Assistant Dean of Students, University of Essex, UK (1978 - 1983)
  • Senior Lecturer in Environmental Physiology, University of Essex, England, UK. (1987 - 1990)
  • Reader in Environmental Physiology, University of Essex, England, UK. (1988 - 1990)
  • Professor (full) in Environmental Physiology and Head of Environment Biology Research Ground, University of Essex, England, UK. (1990 - 1998)
  • Robert Emerson Professor of Crop Sciences and Plant Biology, University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana. (1999 - 2008)
  • Faculty Fellow, NSF National Center for Supercomputing Applications Champaign-Urbana. (2001 - present)
  • Faculty at the Carl R. Woese Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (2004-present)
  • Associate Head, Department of Plant Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (2006 - 2007)
  • Founding Deputy Director, UC Berkeley, University of Illinois, and BP Energy Biosciences Institute (2007-2012)
  • Edward William and Jane Marr Gutgsell Endowed University Professor, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (2008 - present)
  • Director of RIPE - Realizing Increased Photosynthetic Efficiency for improved crop production, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation Project (2012 - present)
  • Center for Advanced Studies Professor, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (2013 - present)

Research Interests

  • To understand mechanisms of plant responses to both rising atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration and tropospheric ozone, with particular reference to photosynthesis and relating changes at the molecular and biochemical level to observations of whole systems in the field.
  • To understand crop responses to global atmospheric and climate change.
  • Establish the potential of mitigation of atmospheric change through the development of herbaceous energy crops.
  • Advance the development of accessible mechanistic mathematical models relating environmental effects on photosynthesis to plant productivity (see: http://www.life.illinois.edu/plantbio/wimovac/).
  • To understand the limitations to C4 photosynthesis and the adaptation of the process to cooler climates.

Honors, Recognition, and Outstanding Achievements for Research

  • 2015 University Lecturer – Cornell University (2015)
  • Highly Cited Researcher – 1 of 184 listed as highly cited by Thomson Reuters ISI in the Plant & Animal Science category http://highlycited.com/ (2014)
  • Listed by Thomson-Reuters as one of “The World’s Most Influential Scientific Minds of 2014” based upon impACT analysis of recent publications http://thomsonreuters.com/articles/2014/worlds-most-influential-scientific-minds-2014 (2014)
  • The Newton Abraham University Visiting Professor and Fellow Lincoln College, University of Oxford, UK (2014-18)
  • Fellow of the Royal Society (elected indefinitely, May 2013) (2013)
  • Innovation Award of the International Society for Photosynthesis Research, St. Louis, MO (2013)
  • Appointed Visiting Professor of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Joint Max-Plank Institute of Computational Biology, Shanghai (2013-15)
  • 4th Annual Riley Memorial Lecturer, World Food Prize/AAAS, Washington, D.C. (2013)
  • 2013 CeBiTec Annual Distinguished Lecturer, Centrum für Biotechnologie, Universität Bielefeld, Germany (2013)
  • Appointed Center for Advanced Studies Professor, Unviersity of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (2013)
  • Re-appointed Edward and Jane Gutgsell Endowed University Professor of Plant Biology and Crop Sciences (first appointment 2008), University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (2013)
  • Elected Fellow, Rothamsted Research, Harpenden UK. One of 20 Fellows appointed to advise the Director of the world’s oldest agricultural experiemental research station on future directions. (2012-) (2012)
  • Marsh Award for Climate Change Research, British Ecological Society, Birmingham, UK (2012)
  • Charles F. Kettering Award for Excellence in Photosynthesis Research, American Society of Plant Biologists, Austin, TX (2012)
  • Invited Expert on Food Security, President’s Council of Advisors on Science Technology (P-CAST), Washington, D.C. (2012)
  • Annual Trio Award for Science Research Education of Under-represented Minority Undergraduates, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL (2011)
  • BEGC Lecturer, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA (2010)
  • Fellow of the American Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB) (Elected July 2009) (2009)
  • 18th Holden Botany Lecturer, Sutton Bonnington, University of Nottingham (2009)
  • 9th Annual Woolhouse Lecturer, Society for Experimental Biology, Marseilles, France (2008)
  • Industry Summer School Lecturer, MIT, Cambridge, MA (2008)
  • CMI Lecturer, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ (2008)
  • The Heilborn Lecturer, Northwestern University, Evanston IL (other 2008 Heilborn Lecturer was Steven Chu, prior Secretary of Energy and Nobel Prize Winner) (2008)
  • Honorary Doctor of Science (D.Sc.) for Global Change Research, University of Lancaster (2007)
  • 2nd Porter Alliance Lecturer, Imperial College, London, UK (2007)
  • 27th G.E. Blackman Lecturer, University of Oxford, UK (2007)
  • Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), Elected (2007)
  • Invited to Brief President on Sustainable Bioenergy, White House, Washington, D.C. (2007)
  • Highly Cited. Listed as one of the 300 most cited authors in “Animal and Plant Biology”:ISI HighlyCited and Science Citation Index http://isihighlycited.com/ (2005 – present)
  • Most Cited. One of the 20 most cited authors on “Global Warming” by ISI Essential Science Indicators (www.esi-topics.com); Science Citation Index (2002 – present)
  • Campus Award for Excellence in Graduate Student Mentoring Honorable Mention 2006 (2006)
  • UIUC-ACES Team Award for Excellence in Research, SoyFACE Global Change Research Team led by Dr. Stephen Long (2006)
  • UIUC Incomplete List of Teachers Ranked as Excellent by Their Students for “Plants and Global Change” (2006)
  • UIUC Incomplete List of Teachers Ranked as Excellent by Their Students for “Environmental Plant Physiology” (2005)
  • McNair Movement Award: For involvement of under-represented minorities in summer research (2005)
  • Appointed Robert Emerson Professor of Plant Biology and of Crop Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (1999 – 2008)
  • Andrew Mellon Foundation personal award (1998 – 2003)
  • Smithsonian Institution Fellowship (1989)
  • University Scholar, University of Leeds, UK (1972-1975)
  • University Prize, University of Reading, UK (1972)

Selected Articles in Journals

  • Bucke, C. and S. P. Long, Release of carboxylating enzymes from maize and sugar cane leaf tissue during progressive grinding. Planta, 1971. 99(3): p. 199-&.

  • Coombs, J., C. Baldry, C. Bucke and S. P. Long, Ortho-diphenol-oxygen oxidoreductase from leaves of sugar-cane. Phytochemistry, 1974. 13(12): p. 2703-2708.

  • Long, S. P., L. D. Incoll and H. W. Woolhouse, C4 photosynthesis in plants from cool temperate regions, with particular reference to spartina-townsendii. Nature, 1975. 257(5527): p. 622-624.

  • Long, S. P. and H. W. Woolhouse, Responses of net photosynthesis to vapor-pressure deficit and co2 concentration in spartina-townsendii (sensu lato), a c4 species from a cool temperate climate. Journal of Experimental Botany, 1978. 29(110): p. 567-577.

  • Long, S. P. and H. W. Woolhouse, Responses of net photosynthesis to light and temperature in spartina-townsendii (sensu-lato), a c-4 species from a cool temperate climate. Journal of Experimental Botany, 1978. 29(111): p. 803-814.

  • Thomas, S. M. and S. P. Long, C-4 photosynthesis in spartina-townsendii at low and high-temperatures. Planta, 1978. 142(2): p. 171-174.

  • Long, S. P. and L. D. Incoll, Prediction and measurement of photosynthetic rate of spartina-townsendii (sensu-lato) in the field. Journal of Applied Ecology, 1979. 16(3): p. 879-891.

  • Long, S. P., Correction. Journal of Applied Ecology, 1980. 17(2): p. 522-522.

  • Miranda, V., N. R. Baker and S. P. Long, Limitations of photosynthesis in different regions of the zea-mays leaf. New Phytologist, 1981. 89(2): p. 179-190.

  • Miranda, V., N. R. Baker and S. P. Long, Anatomical variation along the length of the zea-mays leaf in relation to photosynthesis. New Phytologist, 1981. 88(4): p. 595-605.

  • Hussey, A. and S. P. Long, Seasonal-changes in weight of above-ground and below-ground vegetation and dead plant-material in a salt-marsh at colne point, essex. Journal of Ecology, 1982. 70(3): p. 757-771.

  • Baker, N. R., T. M. East and S. P. Long, Chilling damage to photosynthesis in young zea-mays .2. Photochemical function of thylakoids invivo. Journal of Experimental Botany, 1983. 34(139): p. 189-197.

  • Long, S. P., C-4 photosynthesis at low-temperatures. Plant Cell and Environment, 1983. 6(4): p. 345-363.

  • Long, S. P., T. M. East and N. R. Baker, Chilling damage to photosynthesis in young zea-mays .1. Effects of light and temperature-variation on photosynthetic co2 assimilation. Journal of Experimental Botany, 1983. 34(139): p. 177-188.

  • Ireland, C. R., S. P. Long and N. R. Baker, The relationship between carbon-dioxide fixation and chlorophyll a fluorescence during induction of photosynthesis in maize leaves at different temperatures and carbon-dioxide concentrations. Planta, 1984. 160(6): p. 550-558.

  • Beadle, C. L., J. E. Hallgren, M. B. Jones and S. P. Long, No to new photosynthetically active radiation units. Nature, 1985. 318(6046): p. 514-514.

  • Beadle, C. L. and S. P. Long, Photosynthesis - is it limiting to biomass production. Biomass, 1985. 8(2): p. 119-168.

  • Ireland, C. R., N. R. Baker and S. P. Long, The role of carbon-dioxide and oxygen in determining chlorophyll fluorescence quenching during leaf development. Planta, 1985. 165(4): p. 477-485.

  • Jackson, D., C. F. Mason and S. P. Long, Macroinvertebrate populations and production on a salt-marsh in east england dominated by spartina anglica. Oecologia, 1985. 65(3): p. 406-411.

  • Harmsworth, G. C. and S. P. Long, An assessment of salt-marsh erosion in essex, england, with reference to the dengie peninsula. Biological Conservation, 1986. 35(4): p. 377-387.

  • Jackson, D., D. D. Harkness, C. F. Mason and S. P. Long, Spartina anglica as a carbon source for salt-marsh invertebrates - a study using delta-c-13 values. Oikos, 1986. 46(2): p. 163-170.

  • Jackson, D., S. P. Long and C. F. Mason, Net primary production, decomposition and export of spartina-anglica on a suffolk salt-marsh. Journal of Ecology, 1986. 74(3): p. 647-662.

  • Bongi, G. and S. P. Long, Light-dependent damage to photosynthesis in olive leaves during chilling and high-temperature stress. Plant Cell and Environment, 1987. 10(3): p. 241-249.

  • Dunn, R., S. M. Thomas, A. J. Keys and S. P. Long, A comparison of the growth of the c-4 grass spartina-anglica with the c-3 grass lolium-perenne at different temperatures. Journal of Experimental Botany, 1987. 38(188): p. 433-441.

  • Long, S. P. and D. O. Hall, Ecosystems - nitrogen cycles in perspective. Nature, 1987. 329(6140): p. 584-585.

  • Baker, N. R., S. P. Long and D. R. Ort, Photosynthesis and temperature, with particular reference to effects on quantum yield. 1988.

  • Long, S. P., P. K. Farage, J. Macharia, N. R. Baker and C. R. Ireland, Crop growth in relation to chilling damage to photosynthesis. Physiologia Plantarum, 1988. 73(2): p. A3-A3.

  • Baker, N. R., M. Bradbury, P. K. Farage, C. R. Ireland and S. P. Long, Measurements of the quantum yield of carbon assimilation and chlorophyll fluorescence for assessment of photosynthetic performance of crops in the field. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B-Biological Sciences, 1989. 323(1216): p. 295-308.

  • Bingham, M. J., C. R. Ireland, S. P. Long and M. J. Roberts, The potential productivity of c4 cordgrasses and galingale for low input biomass production-dry matter yields. 1989.

  • Bolharnordenkampe, H. R., S. P. Long, N. R. Baker, G. Oquist, U. Schreiber and E. G. Lechner, Chlorophyll fluorescence as a probe of the photosynthetic competence of leaves in the field - a review of current instrumentation. Functional Ecology, 1989. 3(4): p. 497-514.

  • Bolharnordenkampf, H. R., S. P. Long and E. G. Lechner, The determination of the photosynthetic capacity using chlorophyll fluorescence to measure stress levels in trees. Phyton-Annales Rei Botanicae, 1989. 29(1): p. 119-135.

  • Ireland, C. R., S. P. Long and N. R. Baker, An integrated portable apparatus for the simultaneous field measurement of photosynthetic co2 and water-vapor exchange, light-absorption and chlorophyll fluorescence emission of attached leaves. Plant Cell and Environment, 1989. 12(9): p. 947-958.

  • Long, S. P., H. R. Bolharnordenkampf, S. L. Croft, P. K. Farage, E. Lechner and A. Nugawela, Analysis of spatial variation in co2 uptake within the intact leaf and its significance in interpreting the effects of environmental-stress on photosynthesis. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B-Biological Sciences, 1989. 323(1216): p. 385-395.

  • Long, S. P., P. K. Farage, H. R. Bolharnordenkampf and U. Rohrhofer, Separating the contribution of the upper and lower mesophyll to photosynthesis in zea-mays-l leaves. Planta, 1989. 177(2): p. 207-216.

  • Long, S. P., E. G. Moya, S. K. Imbamba, A. Kamnalrut, M. T. F. Piedade, J. M. O. Scurlock, Y. K. Shen and D. O. Hall, Primary productivity of natural grass ecosystems of the tropics - a reappraisal. Plant and Soil, 1989. 115(2): p. 155-166.

  • Price, S. and S. P. Long, An invivo analysis of the effect of so2 fumigation on photosynthesis in zea-mays. Physiologia Plantarum, 1989. 76(2): p. 193-200.

  • Scurlock, J. M. O., S. P. Long, S. K. Imbamba, E. Garcia, A. Kamnalrut and D. O. Hall, Remote-sensing of primary production in natural tropical grasslands and artificial mixed-species canopies. 1989.

  • Baker, N. R., G. Y. Nie, A. Ortizlopez, D. R. Ort and S. P. Long, Analysis of chill-induced depressions of photosynthesis in maize. 1990.

  • Farage, P. K., S. P. Long, E. Lechner and N. R. Baker, Analysis of the mechanisms of ozone damage to photosynthesis invivo. 1990.

  • Gravett, A. E. and S. P. Long, Intraspecific variation in susceptibility to photoinhibition during chilling of cyperus-longus l populations from europe. 1990.

  • Groom, Q. J., S. P. Long and N. R. Baker, Photoinhibition of photosynthesis in a winter-wheat crop. 1990.

  • Hull, M. R., S. P. Long and C. R. Raines, The effects of low-temperature on activities of carbon metabolism enzymes in zea-mays l seedlings. 1990.

  • Jahnke, L. S., M. R. Hull and S. P. Long, Chilling stress and active-oxygen enzymes in zea-mays and zea-diploperennis. 1990.

  • Long, S. P., P. K. Farage, Q. Groome, J. M. N. Macharia and N. R. Baker, Damage to photosynthesis during chilling and freezing, and its significance to the photosynthetic productivity of field crops. 1990.

  • Long, S. P., L. Potter, M. J. Bingham and C. M. Stirling, An analysis of limitations to the production of c-4 perennials as lignocellulosic biomass crops, with reference to trials in e england. 1990.

  • Farage, P. K. and S. P. Long, The occurrence of photoinhibition in an over-wintering crop of oilseed rape (brassica-napus l) and its correlation with changes in crop growth. Planta, 1991. 185(2): p. 279-286.

  • Farage, P. K., S. P. Long, E. G. Lechner and N. R. Baker, The sequence of change within the photosynthetic apparatus of wheat following short-term exposure to ozone. Plant Physiology, 1991. 95(2): p. 529-535.

  • Groom, Q. J., N. R. Baker and S. P. Long, Photoinhibition of holly (ilex-aquifolium) in the field during the winter. Physiologia Plantarum, 1991. 83(4): p. 585-590.

  • Jahnke, L. S., M. R. Hull and S. P. Long, Chilling stress and oxygen metabolizing enzymes in zea-mays and zea-diploperennis. Plant Cell and Environment, 1991. 14(1): p. 97-104.

  • Long, S. P., Modification of the response of photosynthetic productivity to rising temperature by atmospheric co2 concentrations - has its importance been underestimated. Plant Cell and Environment, 1991. 14(8): p. 729-739.

  • Long, S. P. and B. G. Drake, Effect of the long-term elevation of co2 concentration in the field on the quantum yield of photosynthesis of the c3 sedge, scirpus-olneyi. Plant Physiology, 1991. 96(1): p. 221-226.

  • Long, S. P. and P. R. Hutchin, Primary production in grasslands and coniferous forests with climate change - an overview. Ecological Applications, 1991. 1(2): p. 139-156.

  • Piedade, M. T. F., W. J. Junk and S. P. Long, The productivity of the c4 grass echinochloa-polystachya on the amazon floodplain. Ecology, 1991. 72(4): p. 1456-1463.

  • Stirling, C. M., G. Y. Nie, C. Aguilera, A. Nugawela, S. P. Long and N. R. Baker, Photosynthetic productivity of an immature maize crop - changes in quantum yield of co2 assimilation, conversion efficiency and thylakoid proteins. Plant Cell and Environment, 1991. 14(9): p. 947-954.

  • Farage, P. K. and S. P. Long, Ozone inhibition of photosynthesis - a mechanistic analysis following short-term and long-term exposure in 3 contrasting species. Photosynthesis Research, 1992. 34(1): p. 244-244.

  • Long, S. P., G. Y. Nie, N. R. Baker, B. G. Drake, P. K. Farage, G. Hendrey and K. H. Lewin, The implications of concurrent increases in temperature, co2 and tropospheric o-3 for terrestrial c-3 photosynthesis. Photosynthesis Research, 1992. 34(1): p. 108-108.

  • Nie, G. Y., S. P. Long and N. R. Baker, The effects of development at suboptimal growth temperatures on photosynthetic capacity and susceptibility to chilling-dependent photoinhibition in zea-mays. Physiologia Plantarum, 1992. 85(3): p. 554-560.

  • Potter, L., M. Baker, J. Scott, J. Billsborough and S. P. Long, Interspecific and intraspecific variation in the chilling tolerance of photosynthesis of some c4 biomass crops. 1992.

  • Long, S. P., N. R. Baker and C. A. Raines, Analyzing the responses of photosynthetic co2 assimilation to long-term elevation of atmospheric co2 concentration. Vegetatio, 1993. 104(p. 33-45.

  • Long, S. P., W. F. Postl and H. R. Bolharnordenkampf, Quantum yields for uptake of carbon-dioxide in c-3 vascular plants of contrasting habitats and taxonomic groupings. Planta, 1993. 189(2): p. 226-234.

  • Nie, G. Y., S. P. Long and A. Webber, The effect of nitrogen supply on down-regulation of photosynthesis in spring wheat grown in an elevated co2 concentration. Plant Physiology, 1993. 102(1): p. 138-138.

  • Falkowski, P. G., S. P. Long and G. E. Edwards, Special issue - photosynthesis and global changes in the environment. Photosynthesis Research, 1994. 39(3): p. 207-207.

  • Leroux, H. and S. P. Long, Growth analysis of contrasting cultivars of zea-mays l at different rates of nitrogen supply. Annals of Botany, 1994. 73(5): p. 507-513.

  • Long, S. P., Resource capture by single leaves. 1994.

  • Long, S. P., S. Humphries and P. G. Falkowski, Photoinhibition of photosynthesis in nature. Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology, 1994. 45(p. 633-662.

  • Piedade, M. T. F., S. P. Long and W. J. Junk, Leaf and canopy photosynthetic co2 uptake of a stand of echinochloa-polystachya on the central amazon floodplain - are the high-potential rates associated with the c4 syndrome realized under the near-optimal conditions provided by this exceptional natural habitat. Oecologia, 1994. 97(2): p. 193-201.

  • Stirling, C. M., C. Aguilera, N. R. Baker and S. P. Long, Changes in the photosynthetic light response curve during leaf development of field-grown maize with implications for modeling canopy photosynthesis. Photosynthesis Research, 1994. 42(3): p. 217-225.

  • Webber, A. N., G. Y. Nie and S. P. Long, Acclimation of photosynthetic proteins to rising atmospheric co2. Photosynthesis Research, 1994. 39(3): p. 413-425.

  • Beale, C. V. and S. P. Long, Can perennial c-4 grasses attain high efficiencies of radiant energy-conversion in cool climates. Plant Cell and Environment, 1995. 18(6): p. 641-650.

  • Farage, P. K. and S. P. Long, Interaction of co2 and nitrogen supply on photosynthetic acclimation in wheat. 1995.

  • Farage, P. K. and S. P. Long, An in-vivo analysis of photosynthesis during short-term o-3 exposure in 3 contrasting species. Photosynthesis Research, 1995. 43(1): p. 11-18.

  • Hendrey, G. R., S. P. Long, N. R. Baker and I. F. McKee, Response of leaf photosynthesis to short-term fluctuations in atmospheric carbon dioxide. 1995.

  • Long, S. P., P. K. Farage, G. Y. Nie and C. P. Osborne, Photosynthesis and rising co2 concentration. 1995.

  • Martin, M. J., S. W. Humphries, P. K. Farage, I. F. McKee and S. P. Long, A mechanistic model for the prediction of the effects of rising tropospheric ozone concentration on wheat photosynthesis. 1995.

  • McKee, I. F., P. K. Farage and S. P. Long, The interactive effects of elevated co2 and o-3 concentration on photosynthesis in spring wheat (vol 45, pg 111, 1995). Photosynthesis Research, 1995. 46(3): p. 479-479.

  • McKee, I. F., P. K. Farage and S. P. Long, The interactive effects of elevated co2 and o-3 concentration on photosynthesis in spring wheat. Photosynthesis Research, 1995. 45(2): p. 111-119.

  • McKee, I. F., P. K. Farage and S. P. Long, The interactive effects of elevated co2 and o-3 concentration on photosynthesis in spring wheat. 1995.

  • Morison, J. I. L. and S. P. Long, Wheat growth under global environmental change - an introduction. Global Change Biology, 1995. 1(6): p. 383-384.

  • Nie, G. Y., D. L. Hendrix, S. P. Long and A. N. Webber, The effect of elevated co2 concentration throughout the growth of a wheat crop in the field on the expression of photosynthetic genes in relation to carbohydrate accumulation. Plant Physiology, 1995. 108(2): p. 92-92.

  • Nie, G. Y., D. L. Hendrix, A. N. Webber, B. A. Kimball and S. P. Long, Increased accumulation of carbohydrates and decreased photosynthetic gene transcript levels in wheat grown at an elevated co2 concentration in the field. Plant Physiology, 1995. 108(3): p. 975-983.

  • Nie, G. Y., S. P. Long, R. L. Garcia, B. A. Kimball, R. L. Lamorte, P. J. Pinter, G. W. Wall and A. N. Webber, Effects of free-air co2 enrichment on the development of the photosynthetic apparatus in wheat, as indicated by changes in leaf proteins. Plant Cell and Environment, 1995. 18(8): p. 855-864.

  • Osborne, C. P., S. P. Long, R. L. Garcia, G. W. Wall, B. A. Kimball, P. J. Pinter, R. L. LaMorte and G. R. Hendrey, Do shade and elevated co2 concentration have an interactive effect on photosynthesis? An analysis using wheat grown under free-air co2-enrichment (face). 1995.

  • Potter, L., M. J. Bingham, M. G. Baker and S. P. Long, The potential of 2 perennial c-4 grasses and a perennial c-4 sedge as lignocellulosic fuel crops in nw europe - crop establishment and yields in e england. Annals of Botany, 1995. 76(5): p. 513-520.

  • Rogers, A., J. B. Bryant, C. A. Raines, S. P. Long, H. Blum and M. Frehner, Acclimation of photosynthesis to rising co2 concentration in the field, is it determined by source/sink balance? 1995.

  • Beale, C. V., D. A. Bint and S. P. Long, Leaf photosynthesis in the c-4-grass miscanthus x giganteus, growing in the cool temperate climate of southern england. Journal of Experimental Botany, 1996. 47(295): p. 267-273.

  • Long, S. P., P. K. Farage and R. L. Garcia, Measurement of leaf and canopy photosynthetic co2 exchange in the field. Journal of Experimental Botany, 1996. 47(304): p. 1629-1642.

  • Beale, C. V. and S. P. Long, Seasonal dynamics of nutrient accumulation and partitioning in the perennial c-4-grasses miscanthus x giganteus and spartina cynosuroides. Biomass & Bioenergy, 1997. 12(6): p. 419-428.

  • Drake, B. G., M. A. GonzalezMeler and S. P. Long, More efficient plants: A consequence of rising atmospheric co2? Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology, 1997. 48(p. 609-639.

  • Hendrey, G. R., S. P. Long, I. F. McKee and N. R. Baker, Can photosynthesis respond to short-term fluctuations in atmospheric carbon dioxide? Photosynthesis Research, 1997. 51(3): p. 179-184.

  • Hull, M. R., S. P. Long and L. S. Jahnke, Instantaneous and developmental effects of low temperature on the catalytic properties of antioxidant enzymes in two zea species. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology, 1997. 24(3): p. 337-343.

  • McKee, I. F., J. F. Bullimore and S. P. Long, Will elevated co2 concentrations protect the yield of wheat from o-3 damage? Plant Cell and Environment, 1997. 20(1): p. 77-84.

  • Osborne, C. P., B. G. Drake, J. LaRoche and S. P. Long, Does long-term elevation of co2 concentration increase photosynthesis in forest floor vegetation? Indian strawberry in a maryland forest (vol 114, pg 337, 1997). Plant Physiology, 1997. 114(4): p. 1571-1571.

  • Osborne, C. P., B. G. Drake, J. LaRoche and S. P. Long, Does long-term elevation of co2 concentration increase photosynthesis in forest floor vegetation? Indiana strawberry in a maryland forest. Plant Physiology, 1997. 114(1): p. 337-344.

  • Piedade, M. T. F., W. J. Junk and S. P. Long, Nutrient dynamics of the highly productive c-4 macrophyte echinochloa polystachya on the amazon floodplain. Functional Ecology, 1997. 11(1): p. 60-65.

  • Stirling, C. M., P. A. Davey, T. G. Williams and S. P. Long, Acclimation of photosynthesis to elevated co2 and temperature in five british native species of contrasting functional type. Global Change Biology, 1997. 3(3): p. 237-246.

  • Farage, P. K., N. R. Baker, J. I. L. Morison and S. P. Long, Effects of chilling on photosynthesis in the c-4 grass miscanthus x giganteus. 1998.

  • Farage, P. K., I. F. McKee and S. P. Long, Does a low nitrogen supply necessarily lead to acclimation of photosynthesis to elevated co2? Plant Physiology, 1998. 118(2): p. 573-580.

  • Garcia, R. L., S. P. Long, G. W. Wall, C. P. Osborne, B. A. Kimball, G. Y. Nie, P. J. Pinter, R. L. Lamorte and F. Wechsung, Photosynthesis and conductance of spring-wheat leaves: Field response to continuous free-air atmospheric co2 enrichment. Plant Cell and Environment, 1998. 21(7): p. 659-669.

  • Osborne, C. P., J. LaRoche, R. L. Garcia, B. A. Kimball, G. W. Wall, P. J. Pinter, R. L. LaMorte, G. R. Hendrey and S. P. Long, Does leaf position within a canopy affect acclimation of photosynthesis to elevated co2? Analysis of a wheat crop under free-air co2 enrichment. Plant Physiology, 1998. 117(3): p. 1037-1045.

  • Rogers, A., B. U. Fischer, J. Bryant, M. Frehner, H. Blum, C. A. Raines and S. P. Long, Acclimation of photosynthesis to elevated co2 under low-nitrogen nutrition is affected by the capacity for assimilate utilization. Perennial ryegrass under free-air co2 enrichment. Plant Physiology, 1998. 118(2): p. 683-689.

  • Aguilera, C., C. M. Stirling and S. P. Long, Genotypic variation within zea mays for susceptibility to and rate of recovery from chill-induced photoinhibition of photosynthesis. Physiologia Plantarum, 1999. 106(4): p. 429-436.

  • Beale, C. V., J. I. L. Morison and S. P. Long, Water use efficiency of c-4 perennial grasses in a temperate climate. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 1999. 96(1-3): p. 103-115.

  • Davey, P. A., A. J. Parsons, L. Atkinson, K. Wadge and S. P. Long, Does photosynthetic acclimation to elevated co2 increase photosynthetic nitrogen-use efficiency? A study of three native uk grassland species in open-top chambers. Functional Ecology, 1999. 13(p. 21-28.

  • Farage, P. K. and S. P. Long, The effects of o-3 fumigation during leaf development on photosynthesis of wheat and pea: An in vivo analysis. Photosynthesis Research, 1999. 59(1): p. 1-7.

  • Grossman-Clarke, S., B. A. Kimball, D. J. Hunsaker, S. P. Long, R. L. Garcia, T. Kartschall, G. W. Wall, P. J. Printer, F. Wechsung and R. L. LaMorte, Effects of elevated atmospheric co2 on canopy transpiration in senescent spring wheat. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 1999. 93(2): p. 95-109.

  • Hymus, G. J., D. S. Ellsworth, N. R. Baker and S. P. Long, Does free-air carbon dioxide enrichment affect photochemical energy use by evergreen trees in different seasons? A chlorophyll fluorescence study of mature loblolly pine. Plant Physiology, 1999. 120(4): p. 1183-1191.

  • Long, S. P., Understanding the impacts of rising co2: The contribution of environmental physiology. 1999.

  • McLeod, A. R. and S. P. Long, Free-air carbon dioxide enrichment (face) in global change research: A review. Advances in Ecological Research, Vol 28, 1999. 28(p. 1-56.

  • Isopp, H., M. Frehner, S. P. Long and J. Nosberger, Sucrose-phosphate synthase responds differently to source-sink relations and to photosynthetic rates: Lolium perenne l. Growing at elevated p(co2) in the field. Plant Cell and Environment, 2000. 23(6): p. 597-607.

  • Martin, M. J., P. K. Farage, S. W. Humphries and S. P. Long, Can the stomatal changes caused by acute ozone exposure be predicted by changes occurring in the mesophyll? A simplification for models of vegetation response to the global increase in tropospheric elevated ozone episodes. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology, 2000. 27(3): p. 211-219.

  • Martin, M. J., C. M. Stirling, S. W. Humphries and S. P. Long, A process-based model to predict the effects of climatic change on leaf isoprene emission rates. Ecological Modelling, 2000. 131(2-3): p. 161-174.

  • McKee, I. F., B. J. Mulholland, J. Craigon, C. R. Black and S. P. Long, Elevated concentrations of atmospheric co2 protect against and compensate for o-3 damage to photosynthetic tissues of field-grown wheat. New Phytologist, 2000. 146(3): p. 427-435.

  • Morison, J. I. L., M. T. F. Piedade, E. Muller, S. P. Long, W. J. Junk and M. B. Jones, Very high productivity of the c-4 aquatic grass echinochloa polystachya in the amazon floodplain confirmed by net ecosystem co2 flux measurements. Oecologia, 2000. 125(3): p. 400-411.

  • Bernacchi, C. J., E. L. Singsaas, C. Pimentel, A. R. Portis and S. P. Long, Improved temperature response functions for models of rubisco-limited photosynthesis. Plant Cell and Environment, 2001. 24(2): p. 253-259.

  • Geider, R. J., E. H. Delucia, P. G. Falkowski, A. C. Finzi, J. P. Grime, J. Grace, T. M. Kana, J. La Roche, S. P. Long, B. A. Osborne, T. Platt, I. C. Prentice, J. A. Raven, W. H. Schlesinger, V. Smetacek, V. Stuart, S. Sathyendranath, R. B. Thomas, T. C. Vogelmann, P. Williams and F. I. Woodward, Primary productivity of planet earth: Biological determinants and physical constraints in terrestrial and aquatic habitats. Global Change Biology, 2001. 7(8): p. 849-882.

  • Harrison, E. P., H. Olcer, J. C. Lloyd, S. P. Long and C. A. Raines, Small decreases in sbpase cause a linear decline in the apparent rubp regeneration rate, but do not affect rubisco carboxylation capacity. Journal of Experimental Botany, 2001. 52(362): p. 1779-1784.

  • Hymus, G. J., N. R. Baker and S. P. Long, Growth in elevated co2 can both increase and decrease photochemistry and photoinhibition of photosynthesis in a predictable manner. Dactylis glomerata grown in two levels of nitrogen nutrition. Plant Physiology, 2001. 127(3): p. 1204-1211.

  • Hymus, G. J., P. Dijkstra, N. R. Baker, B. G. Drake and S. P. Long, Will rising co2 protect plants from the midday sun? A study of photoinhibition of quercus myrtifolia in a scrub-oak community in two seasons. Plant Cell and Environment, 2001. 24(12): p. 1361-1368.

  • McKee, I. F. and S. P. Long, Plant growth regulators control ozone damage to wheat yield. New Phytologist, 2001. 152(1): p. 41-51.

  • Ainsworth, E. A., P. A. Davey, C. J. Bernacchi, O. C. Dermody, E. A. Heaton, D. J. Moore, P. B. Morgan, S. L. Naidu, H. S. Y. Ra, X. G. Zhu, P. S. Curtis and S. P. Long, A meta-analysis of elevated co2 effects on soybean (glycine max) physiology, growth and yield. Global Change Biology, 2002. 8(8): p. 695-709.

  • Ainsworth, E. A., P. A. Davey, G. J. Hymus, B. G. Drake and S. P. Long, Long-term response of photosynthesis to elevated carbon dioxide in a florida scrub-oak ecosystem. Ecological Applications, 2002. 12(5): p. 1267-1275.

  • Bernacchi, C. J., A. R. Portis, H. Nakano, S. von Caemmerer and S. P. Long, Temperature response of mesophyll conductance. Implications for the determination of rubisco enzyme kinetics and for limitations to photosynthesis in vivo. Plant Physiology, 2002. 130(4): p. 1992-1998.

  • Ainsworth, E. A., P. A. Davey, G. J. Hymus, C. P. Osborne, A. Rogers, H. Blum, J. Nosberger and S. P. Long, Is stimulation of leaf photosynthesis by elevated carbon dioxide concentration maintained in the long term? A test with lolium perenne grown for 10 years at two nitrogen fertilization levels under free air co(2) enrichment (face). Plant Cell and Environment, 2003. 26(5): p. 705-714.

  • Ainsworth, E. A., A. Rogers, H. Blum, J. Nosberger and S. P. Long, Variation in acclimation of photosynthesis in trifolium repens after eight years of exposure to free air co2 enrichment (face). Journal of Experimental Botany, 2003. 54(393): p. 2769-2774.

  • Ainsworth, E. A., P. J. Tranel, B. G. Drake and S. P. Long, The clonal structure of quercus geminata revealed by conserved microsatellite loci. Molecular Ecology, 2003. 12(2): p. 527-532.

  • Bernacchi, C. J., C. Calfapietra, P. A. Davey, V. E. Wittig, G. E. Scarascia-Mugnozza, C. A. Raines and S. P. Long, Photosynthesis and stomatal conductance responses of poplars to free-air co2 enrichment (popface) during the first growth cycle and immediately following coppice. New Phytologist, 2003. 159(3): p. 609-621.

  • Bernacchi, C. J., C. Pimentel and S. P. Long, In vivo temperature response functions of parameters required to model rubp-limited photosynthesis. Plant Cell and Environment, 2003. 26(9): p. 1419-1430.

  • Long, S. P. and C. J. Bernacchi, Gas exchange measurements, what can they tell us about the underlying limitations to photosynthesis? Procedures and sources of error. Journal of Experimental Botany, 2003. 54(392): p. 2393-2401.

  • Mason, C. F., G. J. C. Underwood, N. R. Baker, P. A. Davey, I. Davidson, G. Hanlon, S. P. Long, K. Oxborough, D. M. Paterson and A. Watson, The role of herbicides in the erosion of salt marshes in eastern england. Environmental Pollution, 2003. 122(1): p. 41-49.

  • Morgan, P. B., E. A. Ainsworth and S. P. Long, How does elevated ozone impact soybean? A meta-analysis of photosynthesis, growth and yield. Plant Cell and Environment, 2003. 26(8): p. 1317-1328.

  • Naidu, S. L., S. P. Moose, A. K. Al-Shoaibi, C. A. Raines and S. P. Long, Cold tolerance of c-4 photosynthesis in miscanthus x giganteus: Adaptation in amounts and sequence of c-4 photosynthetic enzymes. Plant Physiology, 2003. 132(3): p. 1688-1697.

  • Ainsworth, E. A., A. Rogers, R. Nelson and S. P. Long, Testing the "source-sink" hypothesis of down-regulation of photosynthesis in elevated co2 in the field with single gene substitutions in glycine max. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 2004. 122(1-2): p. 85-94.

  • Davey, P. A., S. Hunt, G. J. Hymus, E. H. DeLucia, B. G. Drake, D. F. Karnosky and S. P. Long, Respiratory oxygen uptake is not decreased by an instantaneous elevation of co2 , but is increased with long-term growth in the field at elevated co-2 (1). Plant Physiology, 2004. 134(1): p. 520-527.

  • Heaton, E., T. Voigt and S. P. Long, A quantitative review comparing the yields of two candidate c-4 perennial biomass crops in relation to nitrogen, temperature and water. Biomass & Bioenergy, 2004. 27(1): p. 21-30.

  • Leakey, A. D. B., C. J. Bernacchi, F. G. Dohleman, D. R. Ort and S. P. Long, Will photosynthesis of maize (zea mays) in the us corn belt increase in future co2 rich atmospheres? An analysis of diurnal courses of co2 uptake under free-air concentration enrichment (face). Global Change Biology, 2004. 10(6): p. 951-962.

  • Long, S. P., E. A. Ainsworth, A. Rogers and D. R. Ort, Rising atmospheric carbon dioxide: Plants face the future. Annual Review of Plant Biology, 2004. 55(p. 591-628.

  • Miyazaki, S., M. Fredricksen, K. C. Hollis, V. Poroyko, D. Shepley, D. W. Galbraith, S. P. Long and H. J. Bohnert, Transcript expression profiles of arabidopsis thaliana grown under controlled conditions and open-air elevated concentrations of co2 and of o-3. Field Crops Research, 2004. 90(1): p. 47-59.

  • Morgan, P. B., C. J. Bernacchi, D. R. Ort and S. P. Long, An in vivo analysis of the effect of season-long open-air elevation of ozone to anticipated 2050 levels on photosynthesis in soybean. Plant Physiology, 2004. 135(4): p. 2348-2357.

  • Naidu, S. L. and S. P. Long, Potential mechanisms of low-temperature tolerance of c-4 photosynthesis in miscanthus x giganteus: An in vivo analysis. Planta, 2004. 220(1): p. 145-155.

  • Rogers, A., D. J. Allen, P. A. Davey, P. B. Morgan, E. A. Ainsworth, C. J. Bernacchi, G. Cornic, O. Dermody, F. G. Dohleman, E. A. Heaton, J. Mahoney, X. G. Zhu, E. H. Delucia, D. R. Ort and S. P. Long, Leaf photosynthesis and carbohydrate dynamics of soybeans grown throughout their life-cycle under free-air carbon dioxide enrichment. Plant Cell and Environment, 2004. 27(4): p. 449-458.

  • Zhu, X. G., D. R. Ort, J. Whitmarsh and S. P. Long, The slow reversibility of photosystem ii thermal energy dissipation on transfer from high to low light may cause large losses in carbon gain by crop canopies: A theoretical analysis. Journal of Experimental Botany, 2004. 55(400): p. 1167-1175.

  • Zhu, X. G., A. R. Portis and S. P. Long, Would transformation of c-3 crop plants with foreign rubisco increase productivity? A computational analysis extrapolating from kinetic properties to canopy photosynthesis. Plant Cell and Environment, 2004. 27(2): p. 155-165.

  • Ainsworth, E. A. and S. P. Long, What have we learned from 15 years of free-air co2 enrichment (face)? A meta-analytic review of the responses of photosynthesis, canopy. New Phytologist, 2005. 165(2): p. 351-371.

  • Bernacchi, C. J., P. B. Morgan, D. R. Ort and S. P. Long, The growth of soybean under free air co2 enrichment (face) stimulates photosynthesis while decreasing in vivo rubisco capacity. Planta, 2005. 220(3): p. 434-446.

  • Gielen, B., C. Calfapietra, M. Lukac, V. E. Wittig, P. De Angelis, I. A. Janssens, M. C. Moscatelli, S. Grego, M. F. Cotrufo, D. L. Godbold, M. R. Hoosbeek, S. P. Long, F. Miglietta, A. Polle, C. J. Bernacchi, P. A. Davey, R. Ceulemans and G. E. Scarascia-Mugnozza, Net carbon storage in a poplar plantation (popface) after three years of free-air co2 enrichment. Tree Physiology, 2005. 25(11): p. 1399-1408.

  • Long, S. P., E. A. Ainsworth, A. D. B. Leakey and P. B. Morgan, Global food insecurity. Treatment of major food crops with elevated carbon dioxide or ozone under large-scale fully open-air conditions suggests recent models may have overestimated future yields. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences, 2005. 360(1463): p. 2011-2020.

  • Morgan, P. B., G. A. Bollero, R. L. Nelson, F. G. Dohleman and S. P. Long, Smaller than predicted increase in aboveground net primary production and yield of field-grown soybean under fully open-air co2 elevation. Global Change Biology, 2005. 11(10): p. 1856-1865.

  • Pimentel, C., P. A. Davey, J. A. Juvik and S. P. Long, Gene loci in maize influencing susceptibility to chilling dependent photoinhibition of photosynthesis. Photosynthesis Research, 2005. 85(3): p. 319-326.

  • Wittig, V. E., C. J. Bernacchi, X. G. Zhu, C. Calfapietra, R. Ceulemans, P. Deangelis, B. Gielen, F. Miglietta, P. B. Morgan and S. P. Long, Gross primary production is stimulated for three populus species grown under free-air co2 enrichment from planting through canopy closure. Global Change Biology, 2005. 11(4): p. 644-656.

  • Zhu, X. G., Govindjee, N. R. Baker, E. deSturler, D. R. Ort and S. P. Long, Chlorophyll a fluorescence induction kinetics in leaves predicted from a model describing each discrete step of excitation energy and electron transfer associated with photosystem ii. Planta, 2005. 223(1): p. 114-133.

  • Bernacchi, C. J., A. D. B. Leakey, L. E. Heady, P. B. Morgan, F. G. Dohleman, J. M. McGrath, K. M. Gillespie, V. E. Wittig, A. Rogers, S. P. Long and D. R. Ort, Hourly and seasonal variation in photosynthesis and stomatal conductance of soybean grown at future co2 and ozone concentrations for 3 years under fully open-air field conditions. Plant Cell and Environment, 2006. 29(11): p. 2077-2090.

  • Davey, P. A., H. Olcer, O. Zakhleniuk, C. J. Bernacchi, C. Calfapietra, S. P. Long and C. A. Raines, Can fast-growing plantation trees escape biochemical down-regulation of photosynthesis when grown throughout their complete production cycle in the open air under elevated carbon dioxide? Plant Cell and Environment, 2006. 29(7): p. 1235-1244.

  • Dermody, O., S. P. Long and E. H. DeLucia, How does elevated co2 or ozone affect the leaf-area index of soybean when applied independently? New Phytologist, 2006. 169(1): p. 145-155.

  • Farage, P. K., D. Blowers, S. P. Long and N. R. Baker, Low growth temperatures modify the efficiency of light use by photosystem ii for co2 assimilation in leaves of two chilling-tolerant c-4 species, cyperus longus l. And miscanthus x giganteus. Plant Cell and Environment, 2006. 29(4): p. 720-728.

  • Leakey, A. D. B., C. J. Bernacchi, D. R. Ort and S. P. Long, Long-term growth of soybean at elevated co2 does not cause acclimation of stomatal conductance under fully open-air conditions. Plant Cell and Environment, 2006. 29(9): p. 1794-1800.

  • Leakey, A. D. B., M. Uribelarrea, E. A. Ainsworth, S. L. Naidu, A. Rogers, D. R. Ort and S. P. Long, Photosynthesis, productivity, and yield of maize are not affected by open-air elevation of co2 concentration in the absence of drought. Plant Physiology, 2006. 140(2): p. 779-790.

  • Long, S. P., E. A. Ainsworth, A. D. B. Leakey, J. Nosberger and D. R. Ort, Food for thought: Lower-than-expected crop yield stimulation with rising co2 concentrations. Science, 2006. 312(5782): p. 1918-1921.

  • Long, S. P., X. G. Zhu, S. L. Naidu and D. R. Ort, Can improvement in photosynthesis increase crop yields? Plant Cell and Environment, 2006. 29(3): p. 315-330.

  • Morgan, P. B., T. A. Mies, G. A. Bollero, R. L. Nelson and S. P. Long, Season-long elevation of ozone concentration to projected 2050 levels under fully open-air conditions substantially decreases the growth and production of soybean. New Phytologist, 2006. 170(2): p. 333-343.

  • Rogers, A., Y. Gibon, M. Stitt, P. B. Morgan, C. J. Bernacchi, D. R. Ort and S. P. Long, Increased c availability at elevated carbon dioxide concentration improves n assimilation in a legume. Plant Cell and Environment, 2006. 29(8): p. 1651-1658.

  • Schroeder, J. B., M. E. Gray, S. T. Ratcliffe, R. E. Estes and S. P. Long, Effects of elevated co-2 and o-3 on a variant of the western corn rootworm (coleoptera : Chrysomelidae). Environmental Entomology, 2006. 35(3): p. 637-644.

  • Wall, G. W., R. L. Garcia, B. A. Kimball, D. J. Hunsaker, P. J. Pinter, S. P. Long, C. P. Osborne, D. L. Hendrix, F. Wechsung, G. Wechsung, S. W. Leavitt, R. L. LaMorte and S. B. Idso, Interactive effects of elevated carbon dioxide and drought on wheat. Agronomy Journal, 2006. 98(2): p. 354-381.

  • Bernacchi, C. J., B. A. Kimball, D. R. Quarles, S. P. Long and D. R. Ort, Decreases in stomatal conductance of soybean under open-air elevation of co(2) are closely coupled with decreases in ecosystem evapotranspiration. Plant Physiology, 2007. 143(1): p. 134-144.

  • Long, S. P., E. A. Ainsworth, A. D. B. Leakey, D. R. Ort, J. Nosberger and D. Schimel, Crop models, co2, and climate change - response. Science, 2007. 315(5811): p. 460-460.

  • Wittig, V. E., E. A. Ainsworth and S. P. Long, To what extent do current and projected increases in surface ozone affect photosynthesis and stomatal conductance of trees? A meta-analytic review of the last 3 decades of experiments. Plant Cell and Environment, 2007. 30(9): p. 1150-1162.

  • Zhu, X. G., E. de Sturler and S. P. Long, Optimizing the distribution of resources between enzymes of carbon metabolism can dramatically increase photosynthetic rate: A numerical simulation using an evolutionary algorithm. Plant Physiology, 2007. 145(2): p. 513-526.

  • Ainsworth, E. A., C. Beier, C. Calfapietra, R. Ceulemans, M. Durand-Tardif, G. D. Farquhar, D. L. Godbold, G. R. Hendrey, T. Hickler, J. Kaduk, D. F. Karnosky, B. A. Kimball, C. Koerner, M. Koornneef, T. Lafarge, A. D. B. Leakey, K. F. Lewin, S. P. Long, R. Manderscheid, D. L. McNeil, T. A. Mies, F. Miglietta, J. A. Morgan, J. Nagy, R. J. Norby, R. M. Norton, K. E. Percy, A. Rogers, J. F. Soussana, M. Stitt, H. J. Weigel and J. W. White, Next generation of elevated co2 experiments with crops: A critical investment for feeding the future world. Plant Cell and Environment, 2008. 31(9): p. 1317-1324.

  • Ainsworth, E. A., A. D. B. Leakey, D. R. Ort and S. P. Long, Face-ing the facts: Inconsistencies and interdependence among field, chamber and modeling studies of elevated co(2) impacts on crop yield and food supply. New Phytologist, 2008. 179(1): p. 5-9.

  • Chen, C. P., X. G. Zhu and S. P. Long, The effect of leaf-level spatial variability in photosynthetic capacity on biochemical parameter estimates using the farquhar model: A theoretical analysis. Plant Physiology, 2008. 148(2): p. 1139-1147.

  • Dermody, O., S. P. Long, K. McConnaughay and E. H. DeLucia, How do elevated co2 and o-3 affect the interception and utilization of radiation by a soybean canopy? Global Change Biology, 2008. 14(3): p. 556-564.

  • Heaton, E. A., F. G. Dohleman and S. P. Long, Meeting us biofuel goals with less land: The potential of miscanthus. Global Change Biology, 2008. 14(9): p. 2000-2014.

  • Heaton, E. A., R. B. Flavell, P. N. Mascia, S. R. Thomas, F. G. Dohleman and S. P. Long, Herbaceous energy crop development: Recent progress and future prospects. Current Opinion in Biotechnology, 2008. 19(3): p. 202-209.

  • Miguez, F. E., M. B. Villamil, S. P. Long and G. A. Bollero, Meta-analysis of the effects of management factors on miscanthus x giganteus growth and biomass production. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 2008. 148(8-9): p. 1280-1292.

  • Taylor, G., M. J. Tallis, C. P. Giardina, K. E. Percy, F. Miglietta, P. S. Gupta, B. Gioli, C. Calfapietra, B. Gielen, M. E. Kubiske, G. E. Scarascia-Mugnozza, K. Kets, S. P. Long and D. F. Karnosky, Future atmospheric co2 leads to delayed autumnal senescence. Global Change Biology, 2008. 14(2): p. 264-275.

  • Wang, D., S. L. Naidu, A. R. Portis, S. P. Moose and S. P. Long, Can the cold tolerance of c(4) photosynthesis in miscanthusxgiganteus relative to zea mays be explained by differences in activities and thermal properties of rubisco? Journal of Experimental Botany, 2008. 59(7): p. 1779-1787.

  • Wang, D. F., A. R. Portis, S. P. Moose and S. P. Long, Cool c(4) photosynthesis: Pyruvate p(i) dikinase expression and activity corresponds to the exceptional cold tolerance of carbon assimilation in miscanthus x giganteus. Plant Physiology, 2008. 148(1): p. 557-567.

  • Zhu, X. G., S. P. Long and D. R. Ort, What is the maximum efficiency with which photosynthesis can convert solar energy into biomass? Current Opinion in Biotechnology, 2008. 19(2): p. 153-159.

  • Castro, J. C., F. G. Dohleman, C. J. Bernacchi and S. P. Long, Elevated co2 significantly delays reproductive development of soybean under free-air concentration enrichment (face). Journal of Experimental Botany, 2009. 60(10): p. 2945-2951.

  • Chen, C. P., T. D. Frank and S. P. Long, Is a short, sharp shock equivalent to long-term punishment? Contrasting the spatial pattern of acute and chronic ozone damage to soybean leaves via chlorophyll fluorescence imaging. Plant Cell and Environment, 2009. 32(4): p. 327-335.

  • Dohleman, F. G., E. A. Heaton, A. D. B. Leakey and S. P. Long, Does greater leaf-level photosynthesis explain the larger solar energy conversion efficiency of miscanthus relative to switchgrass? Plant Cell and Environment, 2009. 32(11): p. 1525-1537.

  • Dohleman, F. G. and S. P. Long, More productive than maize in the midwest: How does miscanthus do it? Plant Physiology, 2009. 150(4): p. 2104-2115.

  • Heaton, E. A., F. G. Dohleman and S. P. Long, Seasonal nitrogen dynamics of miscanthus x giganteus and panicum virgatum. Global Change Biology Bioenergy, 2009. 1(4): p. 297-307.

  • Leakey, A. D. B., E. A. Ainsworth, C. J. Bernacchi, A. Rogers, S. P. Long and D. R. Ort, Elevated co2 effects on plant carbon, nitrogen, and water relations: Six important lessons from face. Journal of Experimental Botany, 2009. 60(10): p. 2859-2876.

  • Miguez, F. E., X. G. Zhu, S. Humphries, G. A. Bollero and S. P. Long, A semimechanistic model predicting the growth and production of the bioenergy crop miscanthus x giganteus: Description, parameterization and validation. Global Change Biology Bioenergy, 2009. 1(4): p. 282-296.

  • Wittig, V. E., E. A. Ainsworth, S. L. Naidu, D. F. Karnosky and S. P. Long, Quantifying the impact of current and future tropospheric ozone on tree biomass, growth, physiology and biochemistry: A quantitative meta-analysis. Global Change Biology, 2009. 15(2): p. 396-424.

  • Calfapietra, C., E. A. Ainsworth, C. Beier, P. De Angelis, D. S. Ellsworth, D. L. Godbold, G. R. Hendrey, T. Hickler, M. R. Hoosbeek, D. F. Karnosky, J. King, C. Korner, A. D. B. Leakey, K. F. Lewin, M. Liberloo, S. P. Long, M. Lukac, R. Matyssek, F. Miglietta, J. Nagy, R. J. Norby, R. Oren, K. E. Percy, A. Rogers, G. S. Mugnozza, M. Stitt, G. Taylor, R. Ceulemans and E. S.-F. F. Grp, Challenges in elevated co2 experiments on forests. Trends in Plant Science, 2010. 15(1): p. 5-10.

  • Dohleman, F. G., E. A. Heaton and S. P. Long, Perennial grasses as second-generation sustainable feedstocks without conflict with food production. 2010.

  • Heaton, E. A., F. G. Dohleman, A. F. Miguez, J. A. Juvik, V. Lozovaya, J. Widholm, O. A. Zabotina, G. F. McIsaac, M. B. David, T. B. Voigt, N. N. Boersma and S. P. Long, Miscanthus: A promising biomass crop, in Advances in botanical research, vol 56. Edited by Kader, JC and M Delseny. 2010.

  • Long, S. P. and D. R. Ort, More than taking the heat: Crops and global change. Current Opinion in Plant Biology, 2010. 13(3): p. 241-248.

  • Somerville, C., H. Youngs, C. Taylor, S. C. Davis and S. P. Long, Feedstocks for lignocellulosic biofuels. Science, 2010. 329(5993): p. 790-792.

  • Zhu, X. G., S. P. Long and D. R. Ort, Improving photosynthetic efficiency for greater yield, in Annual review of plant biology, vol 61. Edited by Merchant, S, WR Briggs and D Ort. 2010.

  • Davis, S. C., F. G. Dohleman and S. P. Long, The global potential for agave as a biofuel feedstock. Global Change Biology Bioenergy, 2011. 3(1): p. 68-78.

  • Davis, S. C., H. Griffiths, J. Holtum, A. L. Saavedra and S. P. Long, The evaluation of feedstocks in gcbb continues with a special issue on agave for bioenergy. Global Change Biology Bioenergy, 2011. 3(1): p. 1-3.

  • Rosenthal, D. M., A. M. Locke, M. Khozaei, C. A. Raines, S. P. Long and D. R. Ort, Over-expressing the c-3 photosynthesis cycle enzyme sedoheptulose-1-7 bisphosphatase improves photosynthetic carbon gain and yield under fully open air co2 fumigation (face). Bmc Plant Biology, 2011. 11(p.

  • Ainsworth, E. A., C. R. Yendrek, J. A. Skoneczka and S. P. Long, Accelerating yield potential in soybean: Potential targets for biotechnological improvement. Plant Cell and Environment, 2012. 35(1): p. 38-52.

  • Anderson-Teixeira, K. J., B. D. Duval, S. P. Long and E. H. DeLucia, Biofuels on the landscape: Is "land sharing" preferable to "land sparing"? Ecological Applications, 2012. 22(8): p. 2035-2048.

  • Currie, S. L., M. J. Kohn, N. McQuarrie and S. P. Long, Flattening the bhutan himalaya. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 2012. 349(p. 67-74.

  • Davis, S. C., M. Dietze, E. DeLucia, C. Field, S. P. Hamburg, S. Loarie, W. Parton, M. Potts, B. Ramage, D. Wang, H. Youngs and S. P. Long, Harvesting carbon from eastern us forests: Opportunities and impacts of an expanding bioenergy industry. Forests, 2012. 3(2): p. 370-397.

  • Dohleman, F. G., E. A. Heaton, R. A. Arundale and S. P. Long, Seasonal dynamics of above- and below-ground biomass and nitrogen partitioning in miscanthus x giganteus and panicum virgatum across three growing seasons. Global Change Biology Bioenergy, 2012. 4(5): p. 534-544.

  • Leakey, A. D. B., E. A. Ainsworth, C. J. Bernacchi, X. G. Zhu, S. P. Long and D. R. Ort, Photosynthesis in a co2-rich atmosphere, in Photosynthesis: Plastid biology, energy conversion and carbon assimilation. Edited by EatonRye, JJ, BC Tripathy and TD Sharkey. 2012.

  • Long, S. P., Virtual special issue (vsi) on mechanisms of plant response to global atmospheric change. Plant Cell and Environment, 2012. 35(10): p. 1705-1706.

  • Long, S. P., Magnitudes and spatial patterns of erosional exhumation in the sevier hinterland, eastern nevada and western utah, USA: Insights from a paleogene paleogeologic map. Geosphere, 2012. 8(4): p. 881-901.

  • Long, S. P., Virtual special issue on food security - greater than anticipated impacts of near-term global atmospheric change on rice and wheat. Global Change Biology, 2012. 18(5): p. 1489-1490.

  • Long, S. P., N. McQuarrie, T. Tobgay, I. Coutand, F. J. Cooper, P. W. Reiners, J. A. Wartho and K. V. Hodges, Variable shortening rates in the eastern himalayan thrust belt, bhutan: Insights from multiple thermochronologic and geochronologic data sets tied to kinematic reconstructions. Tectonics, 2012. 31(p.

  • Miguez, F. E., M. Maughan, G. A. Bollero and S. P. Long, Modeling spatial and dynamic variation in growth, yield, and yield stability of the bioenergy crops miscanthus x giganteus and panicum virgatum across the conterminous united states. Global Change Biology Bioenergy, 2012. 4(5): p. 509-520.

  • Soussana, J. F., E. Fereres, S. P. Long, F. Mohren, R. Pandya-Lorch, P. Peltonen-Sainio, J. R. Porter, T. Rosswall and J. von Braun, A european science plan to sustainably increase food security under climate change. Global Change Biology, 2012. 18(11): p. 3269-3271.

  • de Souza, A. P., R. A. Arundale, F. G. Dohleman, S. P. Long and M. S. Buckeridge, Will the exceptional productivity of miscanthus x giganteus increase further under rising atmospheric co2? Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 2013. 171(p. 82-92.

  • Duval, B. D., K. J. Anderson-Teixeira, S. C. Davis, C. Keogh, S. P. Long, W. J. Parton and E. H. DeLucia, Predicting greenhouse gas emissions and soil carbon from changing pasture to an energy crop. Plos One, 2013. 8(8): p.

  • Leegood, R. C. and S. P. Long, Special issue: Improving photosynthesis preface. Journal of Experimental Botany, 2013. 64(3): p. 707-708.

  • Long, S. P. and R. Shekar, 2013 reviews of global change biology. Global Change Biology, 2013. 19(1): p. 1-2.

  • Long, S. P. and A. K. Spence, Toward cool c-4 crops, in Annual review of plant biology, vol 64. Edited by Merchant, SS. 2013.

  • McQuarrie, N., S. P. Long, T. Tobgay, J. N. Nesbit, G. Gehrels and M. N. Ducea, Documenting basin scale, geometry and provenance through detrital geochemical data: Lessons from the neoproterozoic to ordovician lesser, greater, and tethyan himalayan strata of bhutan. Gondwana Research, 2013. 23(4): p. 1491-1510.

  • Ming, R., R. VanBuren, Y. L. Liu, M. Yang, Y. P. Han, L. T. Li, Q. Zhang, M. J. Kim, M. C. Schatz, M. Campbell, J. P. Li, J. E. Bowers, H. B. Tang, E. Lyons, A. A. Ferguson, G. Narzisi, D. R. Nelson, C. E. Blaby-Haas, A. R. Gschwend, Y. N. Jiao, J. P. Der, F. C. Zeng, J. Han, X. J. Min, K. A. Hudson, R. Singh, A. K. Grennan, S. J. Karpowicz, J. R. Watling, K. Ito, S. A. Robinson, M. E. Hudson, Q. Y. Yu, T. C. Mockler, A. Carroll, Y. Zheng, R. Sunkar, R. Z. Jia, N. Chen, J. Arro, C. M. Wai, E. Wafula, A. Spence, Y. N. Han, L. M. Xu, J. S. Zhang, R. Peery, M. J. Haus, W. W. Xiong, J. A. Walsh, J. Wu, M. L. Wang, Y. J. Zhu, R. E. Paull, A. B. Britt, C. G. Du, S. R. Downie, M. A. Schuler, T. P. Michael, S. P. Long, D. R. Ort, J. W. Schopf, D. R. Gang, N. Jiang, M. Yandell, C. W. dePamphilis, S. S. Merchant, A. H. Paterson, B. B. Buchanan, S. H. Li and J. Shen-Miller, Genome of the long-living sacred lotus (nelumbo nucifera gaertn.). Genome Biology, 2013. 14(5): p.

  • Zhu, X. G., Y. Wang, D. R. Ort and S. P. Long, E-photosynthesis: A comprehensive dynamic mechanistic model of c3 photosynthesis: From light capture to sucrose synthesis. Plant Cell and Environment, 2013. 36(9): p. 1711-1727.

  • Arundale, R. A., F. G. Dohleman, E. A. Heaton, J. M. McGrath, T. B. Voigt and S. P. Long, Yields of miscanthus x giganteus and panicum virgatum decline with stand age in the midwestern USA. Global Change Biology Bioenergy, 2014. 6(1): p. 1-13.

  • Arundale, R. A., F. G. Dohleman, T. B. Voigt and S. P. Long, Nitrogen fertilization does significantly increase yields of stands of miscanthus x giganteus and panicum virgatum in multiyear trials in illinois. Bioenergy Research, 2014. 7(1): p. 408-416.

  • Clark, L. V., J. E. Brummer, K. Glowacka, M. C. Hall, K. Heo, J. H. Peng, T. Yamada, J. H. Yoo, C. Y. Yu, H. Zhao, S. P. Long and E. J. Sacks, A footprint of past climate change on the diversity and population structure of miscanthus sinensis. Annals of Botany, 2014. 114(1): p. 97-107.

  • Davis, S. C., D. S. LeBauer and S. P. Long, Light to liquid fuel: Theoretical and realized energy conversion efficiency of plants using crassulacean acid metabolism (cam) in arid conditions. Journal of Experimental Botany, 2014. 65(13): p. 3471-3478.

  • Drewry, D. T., P. Kumar and S. P. Long, Simultaneous improvement in productivity, water use, and albedo through crop structural modification. Global Change Biology, 2014. 20(6): p. 1955-1967.

  • Glowacka, K., S. Adhikari, J. H. Peng, J. Gifford, J. A. Juvik, S. P. Long and E. J. Sacks, Variation in chilling tolerance for photosynthesis and leaf extension growth among genotypes related to the c-4 grass miscanthus xgiganteus. Journal of Experimental Botany, 2014. 65(18): p. 5267-5278.

  • Long, S. P., We need winners in the race to increase photosynthesis in rice, whether from conventional breeding, biotechnology or both. Plant Cell and Environment, 2014. 37(1): p. 19-21.

  • Long, S. P., C. D. Henry, J. L. Muntean, G. P. Edmondo and E. J. Cassel, Early cretaceous construction of a structural culmination, eureka, nevada, u.S.A.: Implications for out-of-sequence deformation in the sevier hinterland. Geosphere, 2014. 10(3): p. 564-584.

  • McGrath, J. M. and S. P. Long, Can the cyanobacterial carbon-concentrating mechanism increase photosynthesis in crop species? A theoretical analysis. Plant Physiology, 2014. 164(4): p. 2247-2261.

  • McQuarrie, N., T. Tobgay, S. P. Long, P. W. Reiners and M. A. Cosca, Variable exhumation rates and variable displacement rates: Documenting recent slowing of himalayan shortening in western bhutan. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 2014. 386(p. 161-174.

  • Ort, D. R. and S. P. Long, Limits on yields in the corn belt. Science, 2014. 344(6183): p. 483-484.

  • Spence, A. K., J. Boddu, D. F. Wang, B. James, K. Swaminathan, S. P. Moose and S. P. Long, Transcriptional responses indicate maintenance of photosynthetic proteins as key to the exceptional chilling tolerance of c-4 photosynthesis in miscanthus x giganteus. Journal of Experimental Botany, 2014. 65(13): p. 3737-3747.

  • Wang, Y., S. P. Long and X. G. Zhu, Elements required for an efficient nadp-malic enzyme type c4 photosynthesis. Plant Physiology, 2014. 164(4): p. 2231-2246.

  • Arundale, R. A., S. Bauer, F. B. Haffner, V. D. Mitchell, T. B. Voigt and S. P. Long, Environment has little effect on biomass biochemical composition of miscanthus x giganteus across soil types, nitrogen fertilization, and times of harvest. Bioenergy Research, 2015. 8(4): p. 1636-1646.

  • Bishop, K. A., A. M. Betzelberger, S. P. Long and E. A. Ainsworth, Is there potential to adapt soybean (glycine maxmerr.) to future co2 ? An analysis of the yield response of 18 genotypes in free-air co2 enrichment. Plant Cell and Environment, 2015. 38(9): p. 1765-1774.

  • Davis, S. C., R. Ming, D. S. LeBauer and S. P. Long, Toward systems-level analysis of agricultural production from crassulacean acid metabolism (cam): Scaling from cell to commercial production. New Phytologist, 2015. 208(1): p. 66-72.

  • Duval, B. D., M. Hartman, E. Marx, W. J. Parton, S. P. Long and E. H. DeLucia, Biogeochemical consequences of regional land use change to a biofuel crop in the southeastern united states. Ecosphere, 2015. 6(12): p.

  • Glowacka, K., U. Jorgensen, J. B. Kjeldsen, K. Korup, I. Spitz, E. J. Sacks and S. P. Long, Can the exceptional chilling tolerance of c-4 photosynthesis found in miscanthus x giganteus be exceeded? Screening of a novel miscanthus japanese germplasm collection. Annals of Botany, 2015. 115(6): p. 981-990.

  • Long, S. P., An upper-crustal fold province in the hinterland of the sevier orogenic belt, eastern nevada, USA: A cordilleran valley and ridge in the basin and range. Geosphere, 2015. 11(2): p. 404-424.

  • Long, S. P., Research on the campus platform construction of ideological and political education in vocational colleges under internet culture environment, in 2015 2nd international conference on creative education. Edited by Zhang, B. 2015.

  • Long, S. P., A. Marshall-Colon and X. G. Zhu, Meeting the global food demand of the future by engineering crop photosynthesis and yield potential. Cell, 2015. 161(1): p. 56-66.

  • Long, S. P. and J. P. Walker, Geometry and kinematics of the grant range brittle detachment system, eastern nevada, USA: An end-member style of upper crustal extension. Tectonics, 2015. 34(9): p. 1837-1862.

  • McGrath, J. M., A. M. Betzelberger, S. W. Wang, E. Shook, X. G. Zhu, S. P. Long and E. A. Ainsworth, An analysis of ozone damage to historical maize and soybean yields in the united states. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2015. 112(46): p. 14390-14395.

  • Ort, D. R., S. S. Merchant, J. Alric, A. Barkan, R. E. Blankenship, R. Bock, R. Croce, M. R. Hanson, J. M. Hibberd, S. P. Long, T. A. Moore, J. Moroney, K. K. Niyogi, M. A. J. Parry, P. P. Peralta-Yahya, R. C. Prince, K. E. Redding, M. H. Spalding, K. J. van Wijk, W. F. J. Vermaas, S. von Caemmerer, A. P. M. Weber, T. O. Yeates, J. S. Yuan and X. G. Zhu, Redesigning photosynthesis to sustainably meet global food and bioenergy demand. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2015. 112(28): p. 8529-8536.

  • Wang, D., D. Jaiswal, D. S. LeBauer, T. M. Wertin, G. A. Bollero, A. D. B. Leakey and S. P. Long, A physiological and biophysical model of coppice willow (salix spp.) production yields for the contiguous USA in current and future climate scenarios. Plant Cell and Environment, 2015. 38(9): p. 1850-1865.

  • Way, D. A. and S. P. Long, Climate-smart agriculture and forestry: Maintaining plant productivity in a changing world while minimizing production system effects on climate. Plant Cell and Environment, 2015. 38(9): p. 1683-1685.

  • Zhou, Y. Z. and S. P. Long, Sensorless direct torque control for electrically excited synchronous motor based on injecting high-frequency ripple current into rotor winding. Ieee Transactions on Energy Conversion, 2015. 30(1): p. 246-253.

  • Glowacka, K., A. Ahmed, S. Sharma, T. Abbott, J. C. Comstock, S. P. Long and E. J. Sacks, Can chilling tolerance of c-4 photosynthesis in miscanthus be transferred to sugarcane? Global Change Biology Bioenergy, 2016. 8(2): p. 407-418.

  • Glowacka, K., J. Kromdijk, L. Leonelli, K. K. Niyogi, T. E. Clemente and S. P. Long, An evaluation of new and established methods to determine t-DNA copy number and homozygosity in transgenic plants. Plant Cell and Environment, 2016. 39(4): p. 908-917.

  • Kromdijk, J. and S. P. Long, One crop breeding cycle from starvation? How engineering crop photosynthesis for rising co2 and temperature could be one important route to alleviation. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences, 2016. 283(1826): p.

  • Soleh, M. A., Y. Tanaka, Y. Nomoto, Y. Iwahashi, K. Nakashima, Y. Fukuda, S. P. Long and T. Shiraiwa, Factors underlying genotypic differences in the induction of photosynthesis in soybean glycine max (l.) merr. Plant Cell and Environment, 2016. 39(3): p. 685-693.

  • Webster, R. J., S. M. Driever, J. Kromdijk, J. McGrath, A. D. B. Leakey, K. Siebke, T. Demetriades-Shah, S. Bonnage, T. Peloe, T. Lawson and S. P. Long, High c3 photosynthetic capacity and high intrinsic water use efficiency underlies the high productivity of the bioenergy grass arundo donax. Scientific Reports, 2016. 6(p.

  • Zhu, X. G., J. P. Lynch, D. S. LeBauer, A. J. Millar, M. Stitt and S. P. Long, Plants in silico: Why, why now and what?An integrative platform for plant systems biology research. Plant Cell and Environment, 2016. 39(5): p. 1049-1057.