DoKyoung Lee

Director of Online Masters Programs

Dr. Lee improves perennial grass production systems for sustainable biomass and bioenergy feedstocks. His research focuses on increasing genetic and abiotic stress tolerances of perennial grasses. He is finding new ways to integrate perennial grasses into row cropping systems to improve sustainability, ecosystem services, and water quality.

Primary Disciplines


  • B.S.: Agronomy, Chungnam National University, South Korea — 1996
  • M.S.: Agronomy, Chungnam National University, South Korea — 1999
  • Ph.D.: Agronomy, South Dakota State University — 2003

Chapters in Books

  • Boe, A., T. Springer, D.K. Lee, A.L. Rayburn, and J. Gonzalez-Hernandez. (2013). Underutilized Grasses. In M. Saha, H.S. Bhandari, J.H. Bouton (eds.) Biomass Crops: Genetics and Breeding. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Oxford, UK (ISBN-9780470960332, ch9). pp 173-205.
  • Mitchell, R., D.K. Lee, and Michael Casler. (2014). Switchgrass. In D. Karlen (ed.) Cellulosic Energy Cropping Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Oxford, UK. (ISBN: 978-1-119-99194-6, ch5). pp 75-90.
  • Lee, D.K., A. Parrish, and T. Voigt. (2014). Switchgrass and Giant Miscanthus Agronomy. In Yogendra Shastri et al. (eds.) Biomass Feedstock Production Engineering. Springer. NY, USA. (ISBN: 978-1-4899-8013-7, ch3). pp 37-59.

Selected Articles in Journals

  • J.Y. Lee, C.H. Hong, C.H. Lee, D.K. Lee, and P.J. Kim. 2005. Dynamics of heavy metals in soil amended with oyster shell meal. Korean J. Environmental Agriculture 24: 358-363 (in Korean)
  • Lee, J.Y., C.H. Lee, B.H. Ha, S.C. Kim, D.K. Lee, and P.J. Kim. 2005. Effects of oyster shell meal on improving soil microbiological activity. Korean J. Soil Science and Fertilizer 38:281-286. (in Korean)
  • Lee, J.Y., C.H. Lee, Y.S. Yoon, B.H. Ha, B.C. Jang, K.S. Lee, D.K. Lee, and P.H. Kim. 2005. Effects of oyster-shell meal on improving spring Chinese cabbage productivity and soil properties. Korean J. Soil Science and Fertilizer 38:274-280. (in Korean)
  • Lee, D.K. and J.J. Doolittle. 2005. Soil carbon dioxide flux and organic carbon in grassland after manure and ammonium nitrate application. Korean J. Environmental Agriculture 24: 238-244.
  • Lee, D.K. and A. Boe. 2005. Biomass production of switchgrass in central South Dakota. Crop Science 45:2583-2590.
  • Lee, J.H., J.J. Doolittle, D.K. Lee, and D.D. Malo. 2006. Influence of drying temperature and duration on the quantification of particulate organic matter. Korean J. Environmental Agriculture 25:289-296.
  • Mulkey, V.R., V.N. Owens, and D.K. Lee. 2006. Management of switchgrass-dominated Conservation Reserve Program lands for biomass production in South Dakota. Crop Science 46:712-720
  • Hong, C.H., D.K. Lee, D.Y. Chung, and P.J. Kim. 2007. Liming Effect on Stabilization of Cadmium in Upland Soil Affected by Gold Mine Tailing. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 52:496-502.
  • Boe, A. and D.K. Lee. 2007. Genetic variation for biomass production in prairie cordgrass and switchgrass. Crop Science 47:929-934.
  • Lee, D.K., J.J. Doolittle, and V.N. Owens. 2007. Switchgrass and soil C sequestration response to NH4NO3, manure, and harvest frequency on Conservation Reserve Program land. Agronomy Journal 99:462-468.
  • Lee, D.K., J.J. Doolittle, and V.N. Owens. 2007. Soil carbon dioxide fluxes in established switchgrass land managed for biomass production. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 39:178-186.
  • Hong, C.H., D.K. Lee, and P.J. Kim. 2008. Feasibility of phosphate fertilizer to immobilize cadmium in a field. Chemosphere 70:2009-2015.
  • Lee, C.H., C.Y. Park, D.K. Lee, and P.J. Kim. 2008. Long-term Fertilization Effects on Rice Productivity and Nutrient Efficiency in Korean Paddy. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 31:1496-1506.
  • Mulkey, V.R., V.N. Owens, and D.K. Lee. 2008. Management of warm-season grass mixtures for biomass production in South Dakota. Bioresource Technology 99:609-617.
  • Hong, C.O., D.Y. Chung, D.K. Lee, and P.J. Kim. 2009. Comparison of phosphate materials for immobilizing cadmium in soil. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 58: 268-274.
  • Lee, C.H., D.K. Lee, M.A. Ali, and P.J. Kim. 2008. Effects of oyster shell on soil chemical and biological properties and cabbage productivity as a liming material. Waste Management, 28:2702-2708.
  • Kil, H.Y., E.S. Seong, B.K. Ghimire, I.M. Chung, S.S. Kwon, E.J. Goh, K.H. K. Heo, M.J. Kim, J.D. Lim, D.K. Lee, and C.Y. Yu. 2009. Antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of crude sorghum extract. Food Chemistry, 115:1234-1239.
  • Lee, S.B., C.H. Lee, K.Y. Jung, K.D. Park, D.K. Lee, and P.J. Kim. 2009. Changes of soil organic carbon and its fractions in relation to soil physical properties in a long-term fertilized paddy. Soil and Tillage Research, 104:227-232.
  • Boe, A., V.N. Owens, J. Gonzalez, J. Stein, D.K. Lee, and B.C. Koo. Morphology and biomass production of prairie cordgrass on marginal lands. Global Change Biology Bioenergy, 1:240-250.
  • Lee, D.K., V.N. Owens, A. Boe, and B.C. Koo. 2009. Biomass and seed yields of big bluestem, switchgrass, and intermediate wheatgrass in response to manure and harvest timing at two topographic positions. Global Change Biology Bioenergy, 1:171-179.
  • Prasifka, J.R., J.D. Bradshaw, A. Boe, D.K. Lee, D. Adamski, and M.E. Gray. 2009. Symptoms, distribution and abundance of the stem-boring caterpillar, Blastobasis repartella (Dietz), in switchgrass. Bioenergy Research, 3:238-242.
  • Kim, S.M., A.L. Rayburn, and D.K. Lee. 2010. Genome size and chromosome analysis in prairie cordgrass (Spartina pectinata L.). Crop Science, 50:2277-2282.
  • Prasifka, J.R, D.K. Lee, J.D. Bradshaw, A.S. Parrish, and M.E. Gray. 2011. Seed reduction in prairie cordgrass, Spartina pectinata Link., by the floret-feeding caterpillar Aethes spartina (Barnes and McDunnough). Bioenergy Research, 3:238-242.
  • Castro, J.C., A. Boe, and D.K. Lee. 2011. A Simple System for Promoting Flowering of Upland Switchgrass in the Greenhouse. Crop Science, 51: 2607-2614.
  • Kim, S.M., A.L. Rayburn, T. Voigt, A. Parrish, and D.K. Lee. 2011. Salinity Effects on Germination and Plant Growth of Prairie Cordgrass and Switchgrass. Bioenergy Research, 50:2277-2282.
  • Prasifka, J.R, D.K. Lee, J.D. Bradshaw, A.S. Parrish, and M.E. Gray. 2012. Seed reduction in prairie cordgrass, Spartina pectinata Link., by the floret-feeding caterpillar Aethes spartina (Barnes and McDunnough). Bioenergy Research, 5:189-196.
  • Maughan, M., G. Bollero, D.K. Lee, R. Darmody, S. Bonos, L. Cortese, J. Murphy, R. Gaussoin, M. Sousek, D. Williams, L. Williams, F. Miguez, T. Voigt, Thomas. 2012. Miscanthus x giganteus Productivity: The Effects of Management in Different Environments. GCB Bioenergy, 4: 253-265.
  • Kim, S. M., Rayburn AL, Voigt T, Parrish A, D.K. Lee. 2012. Salinity effects on germination and plant growth of prairie cordgrass and switchgrass. Bioenergy Research, 5: 225-235.
  • Hong, C.O., V.N. Owens, D.K. Lee, and A. Boe (2013) Switchgrass, big bluestem, and Indiangrass monocultures and their two- and three-way mixtures for bioenergy in the Northern Great Plains. Bioenergy Research. 6:229-239.
  • Lee, D.K., E. Aberle, C. Chen, J. Egnolf, K. Harmoney, G. Kakani, R.L. Kallenbach, & J.C. Castro (2013) Nitrogen and harvest management of Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) grassland for sustainable feedstock production. Global Change Biology Bioenergy. 5:6-15.
  • Boe, A., V. Owens, J. Gonzalez-Hernandez, and D.K. Lee (2013) Seed set in prairie cordgrass (Spartina pectinata Link). Crop Science. 53:1-8.
  • Zang, C., Z. Li, W. Yang, L. Pan, M. Gu, and D.K. Lee (2013) Assessment of metals pollution on agricultural soil surrounding a lead-zinc mining area in the Karst Region of Guangxi, China. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 90: 736-741.
  • Anderson, E.K., A.S. Parrish, T.B. Voigt, V.N. Owens, C.H. Hong, and D.K. Lee (2013) Nitrogen fertility and harvest management of switchgrass for sustainable bioenergy feedstock production in Illinois. Industrial Crops and Products, 48: 19-27.
  • Zang, C., P. Zhang, C. Mo, W. Yang, Q. Li, L. Pan, and D.K. Lee (2013) Cadmium uptake, chemical forms, subcellular distribution, and accumulation in Echinodorus Osiris Rataj. Environmental Science Process Impacts, 26: 1459-1465.
  • Kim, S.M., A.L. Rayburn, T.B. Voigt, M.L. Ainouche, A.K. Ainouche, D.K. Lee (2013) Chloroplast DNA intraspecific phylogeography of prairie cordgrass (Spartina pectinata Bosc ex Link). Plant Molecular Biology Reporter. 31(6): 1376-1383.
  • Seong, E.S., J. H. Yoo, J.G. Lee, H.Y. Kim, I.S. Hwang, K. Heo, J.D. Lim, D.K. Lee, E.J. Sacks, and C.Y. Yu (2013) Transient overexpression of the Miscanthus sinensis glucose-6-phosphate isomerase gene (MsGPI) in Nicotian benthamiana enhances expression of gene related to antioxidant metabolism. Plant Omics Journal. 6(6): 408-414.
  • Mohammed, Y.A., C. Chen, and D.K. Lee (2013. Harvesting Time and Nitrogen Fertilizer Management to Improve Bioenergy Feedstock Production and Quality from CRP Land. Agronomy Journal. 106(1): 57-65.
  • Anderson, E.K., A.G. Hager, T.B. Voigt, and D.K. Lee (2014) Switchgrass and prairie cordgrass response to foliar- and soil-applied herbicide. Weed Technology, 28: 633-645.
  • Quinn, L.D., K.C. Straker, J. Guo, S.M. Kim, S. Thapa, G. Kling, D.K. Lee, and T.B. Voigt (2014) Stress Tolerant Feedstocks for Sustainable Bioenergy Production on Marginal Land. Bioenergy Research, 5:225-235.
  • Anderson, E.K., D.K. Lee, D.J. Allen, and T.B. Voigt (2015) Agronomic factors in the establishment of tetraploid seeded Miscanthus x giganeus. GCB Bioenergy, 7:1075-1083.
  • Anderson, E.K., A.G. Hager, D.K. Lee, D.J. Allen, and T.B. Voigt (2015) Response of Seeded Miscanthus × giganteus to PRE and POST Herbicides. Weed Technology, 29:274-283.
  • Anderson, E.K., T.B. Voigt, S.M. Kim, and D.K. Lee (2015) Determining effects of sodicity and salinity on switchgrass and prairie cordgrass germination and plant growth. Industrial Crops and products. 64:79-87.
  • Kim, S.M., J. Guo, S. Kwak, Y.S. Jin, D.K. Lee, and Vijay Singh (2015) Effects of genetic variation and growing condition of prairie cordgrass on feedstock composition and ethanol yield. Bioresource Technology, 183:70-77.
  • Straker, K.C., L.D. Quinn, T.B. Voigt, D.K. Lee, and G.J. Kling (2015) Black locust as a bioenergy feedstock: A review. Bioenergy Research, 8:1117-1135.
  • Friessen, P., M.M. Peixoto, D.K. Lee, and R. Sage (2015) Sub-zero cold tolerance of Spartina pectinata (prairie cordgrass) and Miscanthus x giganteus: candidate bioenergy crops for cool temperate climates. Journal of Experimental Botany. (Online available)
  • Guo, J., S. Thapa, T.B. Voigt, A.L. Rayburn, A. Boe, and D.K. Lee (2015) Phenotypic and biomass yield variations in natural populations of prairie cordgrass (Spartina pectinata Link) in the USA. Bioenergy Research, 8:1371-1383.
  • Sumin Kim, D.K. Lee and A. Lane Rayburn (2015) Analysis of Active Nucleolus Organizing Regions in Polyploid Prairie Cordgrass (Spartina Pectinata Link) by Silver Staining. Cytologia, 80:249-258.
  • Graves, H., A.L. Rayburn, S. Kim, and D.K. Lee (2015) Chloroplast DNA Variation within Prairie Cordgrass (Spartina pectinata Link) Populations in the U.S. Journal of Systematics and Evolution. (Online available).
  • Zhang, C., J. Guo, E.K. Anderson, H. Huang and D.K. Lee (2015) Growth responses and accumulation of cadmium in switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L). RSC Advances, 5:83700-83706.
  • Anderson, E.K., G.A. Bollero, M.W. Maughan, A.S. Parrish, T.B. Voigt, and D.K. Lee (2016) Establishing switchgrass with corn to improve net economic returns. Agronomy Journal, 108-1-8.
  • Anderson, Eric, E. Aberle, C. Chen, J. Egenolf, K. Keith, V.G. Kakani, R. Kallenbach, M. Khanna, W. Wang, and D.K. Lee (2015) Impacts of Management Practices on Bioenergy Feedstock Yield and Economic Feasibility on Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) Grasslands. GCB Bioenergy (Online available).
  • Nah, G., J.H. Im, J.W. Kim, K.H. J.S. Lim, A.Y. Choi, I.Y. Choi, T.J. Yang, T.S. Park, D.K. Lee, and D.S. Kim (2015) The complete chloroplast genomes of three Korean Echinochloa crus-galli accessions. Mitochondria DNA. (Online available)
  • Graves H, Rayburn AL, Gonzalez-Hernandez JL, Nah G, Kim D-S and D.K. Lee (2016) Validating DNA Polymorphisms Using KASP Assay in Prairie Cordgrass (Spartina pectinata Link) Populations in the U.S. Front. Plant Sci. 6:1271.
  • Song, J.S., S.H. Lim, Y.H. Lim, D.K. Lee, and D.S. Kim (2016) Herbicide-based Weed Management in Miscanthus sacchariflorus. Bioenergy Research (Online available).